Project Management Artifacts

All project actions yield a variety of outputs, or some already available documents are used for the value delivery of the project. An artifact here can be described as a document, template, plan, deliverable of a project, or output of a specific process. 

Project artifacts should be tailored according to the nature and characteristics of the project by taking the applicable development approach into consideration. So the answer to the question of artifact usage in each phase or performance domain of a project is strongly related to the outcome of tailoring processes. Selecting the appropriate artifact for a project or organization is done with efficient tailoring.

The commonly used artifacts in project management are listed below; however, they are not limited to them.

Project Management Artifacts List

LOGS AND REGISTERS

PROJECT PLANS

STRATEGY ARTIFACTS

HIERARCHY CHARTS

BASELINES

AGREEMENTS AND CONTRACTS

  • Fixed-price contracts
  • Cost-reimbursable contracts
  • Time and materials (T&M)
  • Indefinite delivery indefinite quantity (IDIQ)

VISUAL DATA AND INFORMATION

  • Affinity diagram
  • Burn Charts
  • Cause-and-effect diagram
  • Cumulative flow diagram (CFD)
  • Cycle time chart
  • Dashboards
  • Flowchart
  • Gantt chart
  • Histogram
  • Information radiator
  • Lead time chart
  • Prioritization matrix
  • Project schedule network diagram
  • Requirements traceability matrix
  • Responsibility assignment matrix (RAM)
  • Scatter diagram
  • S-curve
  • Stakeholder engagement assessment matrix
  • Story map
  • Throughput chart
  • Use case
  • Value stream map
  • Velocity chart

REPORTS

OTHER ARTIFACTS

  • Activity list
  • Bid documents
  • Project calendar
  • Requirements documentation
  • Project team charter
  • User story
  • Metrics