Project Management Models

Project management models are perspectives that show how things work and how they should be, which can be used in any area of Project Management. According to PMI, a model is "a way of thinking". We have already mentioned them in the models, methods, and artifacts section. 

A project manager has infinite freedom to create models according to the qualities and needs of his project, to use different methods and perspectives. At this point, Project Management methodologies offer a number of models and methods that will facilitate them, rather than imposing what they should do on project managers.

To make an analogy, a commander is free on the battlefield to use all the weapons he has and all known combat tactics. But for enemies whose qualities are obvious, tactics and weapons that are suitable for certain combat conditions are obvious. For example, shooting a tank with a rifle won't get you anything. Therefore, the commander must use appropriate perspectives on the enemy and the conditions of war. Here, the use of project management models is also used in accordance with the needs within the framework of tailoring processes. Project management methodologies provide ready-made templates to help the project manager only.

A project management model that you prefer to use at any stage of the project shapes your project activities and the actions you will take. No matter what stage of the project you are at, no matter what model you use, the models you use must comply with 12 project management principles.

Commonly used models are;

  • MOTIVATION MODELS
    • Hygiene and Motivational Factors
    • Intrinsic versus Extrinsic Motivation
    • Theory of Needs
    • Theory X, Theory Y, and Theory Z
  • PROJECT TEAM DEVELOPMENT MODELS
      • Tuckman Ladder
      • Drexler/Sibbet Team Performance Model
      • Other Models
      • Conflict Model
      • Negotiation
      • Planning
      • Process Groups
      • Salience Model
  • COMPLEXITY MODELS
    • Cynefin Framework
    • Stacey Matrix
  • CHANGE MODELS
      • Managing Change in Organizations
      • ADKAR® Model
      • The 8-Step Process for Leading Change
      • Virginia Satir Change Model
      • Transition Model
  • Situational Leadership Models
      • Situational Leadership® II
      • Oscar Model
      • Communication models
      • Cross-Cultural Communication
      • Effectiveness of Communication Channels
      • Gulf of Execution and Evaluation